To talk about education at the present time and even more in the university field is to refer to the changes in technology and the impact of globalization on the educational world. The training provided to the education professional must start from the surrounding reality and respond to the needs that they imply. Taking into account that education is the source of values where the great virtues are learned and its importance is that man achieve his own self-determination as a person.
Likewise, a context is seen in which diverse entities influence the formation of learners, starting from the vertiginous reality that requires an innovative and effective education where the ethical values in the university education guarantee the future of the professional. This task is not possible without the cooperation of institutions, in this case the university, so according to Gervilla (2000) it is essential to work hand in hand, accompanying the process of comprehensive training from a life project.
In addition, it is necessary to see the university as the generator of human potential that is needed for the transformation and development of society. The great demand and diversification that is present in the present moments in the University Teaching is due to the awareness of the importance that this type of Education has for the development of the humanity in the different spheres of life, this makes the Have a strong commitment to create programs that stimulate creativity and problem solving. On the other hand, the third millennium is synonymous with cultural advances but crisis in education and a whole set of instances such as the system of ethical values in all areas.
In this regard in the International Commission on Education for the twenty-first century chaired by Jacques Delors meant that education is not only learn to know, learn to do or learn to be, but also to learn to live together and build the society of the future Where the education of ethical values in university teacher training at this time is a social requirement, which confronts vicissitudes for having to start from the existing reality. In this sense, according to Sánchez (2006: 74) expresses that values are aimed at achieving the ability to recognize the stage of development of a person’s thinking.
The ethics of man comes from the unity of his being, which allows him to know himself well and to be well known by others, manifesting the activity of union of being and doing, therefore, directs the actions of the day to Day, it is important to emphasize what Izquierdo (2003) puts forward, who poses ethics as a pattern that allows to satisfy the needs of the environment in which it acts; Therefore, they consider it a strategic learning relatively stable in the time, determining the best form to act to achieve the proposed ends.
In this context, ethics is the nucleus of human freedom by allowing modes of action against others, for the survival or life of a given system, hence the need to take it into account are analyzed situations referred to Fulfillment of the duties of man. Thus, ethics is marked by attitudes and norms that allow attacking the objectivity of actions. In this sense, Schaefer (2006: 56) argues that standards are the behavioral guidelines established by a society. The rules also depend on the example given by teachers as leaders in the classrooms who are the head of the educational process and base education for peace.
Therefore, ethical values are qualities that are given to ways of being and acting making them desirable as characteristics of man, since they are basic in the construction of a democratic coexistence within the framework of human rights. According to Izquierdo (2003), ethical values are guiding the interrelations of decisions and practices of the public function, being justice, responsibility, transparency, respect, commitment, solidarity, loyalty, service, honesty, efficiency and participation; Essential in the integral formation of man for coexistence.
Ethical values in university education
In order to focus on ethical values, it is necessary to emphasize in university education, specifically in the field of teacher training, the definition and the etymological root of ethics and values, ethics is derived from the Greek word ethos. It seems that the first one who used it was the poet Homer, who understood by ethos, place inhabited by men and animals. Another interpretation is found in the Greek philosopher Zeno of Citius, who maintains that ethos is the source of life, from which emanate human acts.
The most well-known and widespread meaning of the term ethos is presented from Aristotle, linked to a knowledge called precisely ethical. According to this meaning, ethos means temperament, character, habit, mode of being. According to the etymological meaning, ethics would be a theory or a treatise on habits and customs. Referring to the values expressed in the reasoned conviction that something is good or bad, and once they become internalized norms and patterns of behavior. Values are intimately linked to the idea of man and society; hence the talk of individual and collective values, ideals, beliefs, aspirations, feelings, attitudes and beliefs compartidas.De According to the above, you have to start by establishing the modern profile of the new educational leader, according to the situation Vertiginous and changing of the time that it touches to live. Accurately delineate the profound difference between teacher educator and teacher teacher. Teacher and educator are not synonymous. These are concepts that complement each other. The teacher may or may not have vocation as an educator, he can be content to transmit knowledge. You can live from your teaching, you can trade with it. Not so the educator, who sows seeds that will have to fructify in time, to become standards of life and roads of freedom. In this case Ramos (2004: 58), says the educator in his daily work has the duty to stimulate, configure and be a model to imitate.
Despite this, it can not be forgotten that we are in an era of dehumanization where ethical values between teachers and students have been lost, because the teacher is only interested in giving information and neglects personal growth. Hence, the society demands more strongly from the universities, the training of competent professionals; Likewise, the quality of professional training depends not only on the knowledge and skills that are developed in the university curriculum but also on the interests and values that regulate their professional performance.
In this sense, the educational work presents various methodological ways to confront the aforementioned problems and thus comply with the spirit of the law that seeks the achievement of men capable of overcoming. As a result of the experience as a teacher, the ethical values to be promoted in university education are: friendship, creativity, freedom, joy, self-esteem, equality, humility, respect, dignity, responsibility, punctuality, loyalty, sensitivity among others. These ethical values mark a path and a life project to accentuate the growth of the educational system and the country. Before this reality, when the teacher as a person and educator, realizes the great mission that he has in his hands, education acquires values discover the idea of man and the knowledge that he must have of himself. This way of seeing education is framed in a normative, whose knowledge is assumed, in who is immersed in a true teacher training, since the laws, norms contain in themselves the philosophy that underpins the educational system and determine the ethical values Which configure the desired profile.